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USDA Washington & Oregon Hay                       01/17 11:40
ML_GR310                 
Moses Lake, WA    Fri Jan 17, 2020    USDA Market News 

Washington-Oregon (Columbia Basin) Weekly Hay Report 

Tons:  1800    Last Week:  2100    Last Year:  2125  

   Compared last Friday, Export Alfalfa steady in a light test. Export Timothy 
not tested this week. Demand remains good for No. 1 Premium Dairy and Horse 
Timothy 
small bales for export. No 2 Dairy and lesser grades of export Timothy with 
defects 
remain under pressure. Domestic Timothy weak in a light test. Trade slow this 
week 
as most contacts went to the NW Hay expo in Kennewick, WA this week. Demand 
remains 
light. Feed store/retail steady this week. All prices are dollars per ton and 
FOB 
the farm or ranch unless otherwise stated. Delivered prices include freight, 
commissions and other expenses. 

                      Tons      Price     Wt. Avg    Comments
  Alfalfa                                                         
    Mid Square                                                    
      Good             400 200.00-200.00 200.00     Export        
      Fair            1000 185.00-185.00 185.00     Export        

  Alfalfa                                                         
    Small Square                                                  
      Premium          100 250.00-250.00 250.00     Retail/Stable 

  Timothy Grass                                                   
    Mid Square                                                    
      Fair             300 110.00-110.00 110.00 Del Weedy       

  Alfalfa hay test guidelines, (for domestic livestock use and not more than 
10% 
grass), used with visual appearance and intent of sale Quantitative factors are 
approximate and many factors can affect feeding value.                  
                                                                            
             ADF     NDF     RFV     TDN-100%    TDN-90%   CP-100%          
 Supreme     <27     <34     >185      >62       >55.9       >22            
 Premium    27-29   34-36   170-185   60.5-62   54.5-55.9   20-22           
 Good       29-32   36-40   150-170    58-60    52.5-54.5   18-20           
 Fair       32-35   40-44   130-150    56-58    50.5-52.5   16-18           
 Utility     >35     >44     <130      <56       <50.5       <16            
                                                                            
   RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.  TDN calculated using the     
western formula. Values based on 100% dry matter, TDN both 90% and 100%. 

   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding 
Value.  Values based on 100 pct. dry matter.  End usage may influence hay price 
or 
value more than testing results. 

   ADF = Acid Detergent Fiber; NDF = Neutral Detergent Fiber; RFV = 
Relative Feed Value; TDN = Total Digestible nutrients. 

   Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium            Over 13
Good                  9-13
Fair                   5-9
Utility            Under 5

Contracted price - Price and conditions of sale agreed upon when buyer and 
Seller negotiates a transaction.
 
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
         leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
         a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.
 
Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
         and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
         free of damage other than slight discoloration.
 
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
         or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
         could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
         weed content or mold.
                                                                    
Source: USDA Market News, Moses Lake, WA.  
        Greg Sanders 509-393-1343 MosesLake.LPGMN@ams.usda.gov
        www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/ML_GR310.txt
        http://www.ams.usda.gov/market-news/livestock-poultry-grain
        greg.sanders2@usda.gov
                                                                      
0930p   gds   rlc

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